pwd stands for print working directory. This command is very useful and is commonly used in Linux. When used the command will print the full path of the root directory to the current directory.
pwd is the command built into the shell or /bin/pwd. You can run the type command to see where pwd is contained:
$ type -a pwd
Below is the guide on how to use the pwd command in Linux as we go through below.
The syntax of pwd command
To find the current directory, run:
You can use another way with PWD environment variable:
$ echo $PWD
pwd -L: Prints the symlink.
pwd -P: Prints the real path.
By default, if you use the command without option, it will specify -L option.
To understand more clearly, we will create a directory and symlink to the directory:
$ sudo mkdir /usr/directory
$ sudo ln -s /usr/directory /usr/symlink
Next, we will navigate to /usr/symlink:
$ cd /usr/symlink
And now, we will try to use pwd command with -L option:
$ pwd -L
If you use pwd command with -P option:
$ pwd -P
You’ve already gone through the details of how to use the pwd command in Linux.
Thanks for reading.
Karim Buzdar holds a degree in telecommunication engineering and holds several sysadmin certifications including CCNA RS, SCP, and ACE. As an IT engineer and technical author, he writes for various websites.