The cp command in Linux is used to copy files and directories by using the command line. This command also allows you to move multiple files and folders at once while preserving their backup and attribute information. So the cp command is very useful for Linux users.
Now we’re gonna guide you about copying multiple files using the cp command in Linux. Hope you understand.
Syntax to copy a file of the cp command
$ cp [filename] [filename2]
For example, we’ll see what’s in our current directory by the ls command
Now, we will copy the hello.pl file:
$ cp hello.pl hello1.pl
Then use the ls command to check:
Syntax to copy multiple files of the cp command
You must provide a filename and destination directory to do this.
$ cp [filename] [filename1] [folder name]/
For example, we’ll see what’s in our current directory by the ls command.
We will copy hello.pl and hello1.pl files into the test directory.
$ cp hello.pl hello1.pl test/
Syntax to copy a directory of the cp command
To copy the directory we must use the -r option:
$ cp -r foldername/ foldername 1
Now we will try to copy the test directory:
$ cp -r test/ test2
Syntax to copy multiple directories of the cp command
$ cp -r foldername foldername 1 foldername 2
The destination folder will be at the end.
$ cp -r test test2 testfinal
In the above example, we copied test and test2 folders into testfinal folder.
Backup when copying files
Let’s use the -b option to backup when copying files:
$ cp -b [filename] [filename2]
For example, we will backup the hello.pl file:
$ cp -b hello.pl hellobk.pl
And we guided you on how to copy multiple files using the cp command in Linux.
Thank you for checking it out!
Karim Buzdar holds a degree in telecommunication engineering and holds several sysadmin certifications including CCNA RS, SCP, and ACE. As an IT engineer and technical author, he writes for various websites.