What is Node.js?
What is Npm?
Node Package Manager (npm) is both an online repository for modules and packages of Node.js, and a command-line utility for installation, version, and dependency management.
Npm is easy to use and makes working with Node.js very convenient. Additionally, npm comes with Node.js installation so you do not have to install it separately.
In this article, you will learn about different methods to install Node.js and Npm in your Ubuntu operating system.
A user account with sudo privileges.
Install Node.js Ubuntu Package Using apt
You will need a curl command to enable the NodeSource repository. If you lack curl on your system, install curl on your system using the following command.
sudo apt-get install curl
To enable the NodeSource repository and update the apt-cache. run the following command.
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_12.x | sudo -E bash -
Now you can go ahead and install the Node.js package with the following apt command.
sudo apt install nodejs
You can see the Node.js version with the following command.
As npm comes with the Node.js installation, you can check the npm version with the following command.
Install Node.js With PPA Software Repository Using apt
If you want your repository to be self-maintained and updated so that you can work with the latest version of Node.js, you can use the NodeSource PPA for Node.js installation.
Install the NodeSource PPA with the following curl command.
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_16.x -o nodesource_setup.sh
Open the Nodesource setup script with nano editor and verify the configurations.
To add the PPA to the configuration list and update the local cache, run the script.
sudo bash nodesource_setup.sh
Now you can install Node.js with the following command.
sudo apt install nodejs
To verify the installation and version of Node.js, run.
Install NVM for Node.js Installation and Version Management
Node Version Manager (NVM) is a script that helps with the installation and management of multiple versions of Node.js in your system.
Download NVM from the GitHub repository with the following curl command.
curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.35.3/install.sh | bash
You can see that the installation has made changes to the .bashrc file. Source your.bashrc file with the following command to proceed with the installation.
To see available versions of Node.js, run the following command.
Select the version and run the following command with your selected version.
nvm install v17.0.1
To see all the Node.js installations in your system, run the following command.
You can see the current version that is in use mentioned in the first line of the output.
You can switch to another installed version and use it with the following command.
nvm use 17.0.1
In this article, you have learned about the different methods to install Node.js in your Ubuntu system. While installing Node.js, the fastest and easiest way is to use the default Ubuntu package, but if You need a more updated and maintained installation, You can choose the NodeSource PPA. However, the most flexible and recommended method is to use NVM to install Node.js as it can install and manage multiple versions side by side.
Karim Buzdar holds a degree in telecommunication engineering and holds several sysadmin certifications including CCNA RS, SCP, and ACE. As an IT engineer and technical author, he writes for various websites.