Ubuntu

How to Deploy Mattermost on Ubuntu 20.04

How to Deploy Mattermost on Ubuntu 20.04

Introduction

Mattermost is a self-hosted and open-source online chat. It is developed as a private conversation for organizations and companies.

It’s a tool with features like Slack and Microsoft Teams. And Mattermost is often installed with PostgreSQL database server.

Below is the guide on how to deploy Mattermost on Ubuntu 20.04 as we go through below.

Step 1 – Update system

Run apt command:

$ sudo apt update

Then run the command:

$ sudo apt upgrade

Output:

Lastly, set proper server hostname:

$ sudo hostnamectl set-hostname NEW_HOSTNAME --static

Here, we set a hostname named “chat.ubuntu

$ sudo hostnamectl set-hostname chat.ubuntu --static

Step 2 – Install PostgreSQL Database Server

Run the apt command to install:

$ sudo apt install postgresql postgresql-contrib

Output:

Then login to the postgres account:

$ sudo --login --user postgres

Start the PostgeSQL on the terminal and create the Mattermost database/user. Here I named it “linuxer” with the password “[email protected]

psql
CREATE DATABASE mattermost;
CREATE USER linuxer WITH PASSWORD '[email protected]';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON DATABASE mattermost to linuxer;
\q

Step 3 – Create Mattermost system user and group

We will create a system user and group named “mattermost”:

$ sudo useradd --system --user-group mattermost

You can confirm by the command:

$ id mattermost

Output:

Step 4 – Install Mattermost

Firstly, you must create a folder named “mattermost

$ mkdir mattermost

Then navigate to it:

$ cd mattermost

Run the wget command to download Mattermost:

$ wget https://releases.mattermost.com/5.38.1/mattermost-5.38.1-linux-amd64.tar.gz

Output:

Extract the package:

$ tar -xvzf mattermost*.gz

Copy the extracted file to /otp directory:

$ sudo cp -r mattermost /opt

Create a folder for Mattermost to contain user data:

$ sudo mkdir /opt/mattermost/data

Set correct ownership and permissions:

$ sudo chown -R mattermost:mattermost /opt/mattermost

Finally, let’s grant write permission to /opt/mattermost directory:

$ sudo chmod -R g+w /opt/mattermost

Step 5 – Configure Mattermost Server

Config setting in the file /opt/mattermost/config/config.json

$ sudo nano /opt/mattermost/config/config.json

Then configure PostgreSQL database settings:

After the text editor is opened, press Ctrl + W and search “DriverName

Change the line in red part:

"postgres://matteruser:[email protected]:5432/mattermost?sslmode=disable&connect_timeout=10",

Save it.

Step 6 – Configure Systemd Service

Create Mattermost Systemd:

$ sudo vim /etc/systemd/system/mattermost.service

Type the lines below:

[Unit]

Description=Mattermost

After=network.target

After=postgresql.service

Requires=postgresql.service

[Service]

Type=notify

ExecStart=/opt/mattermost/bin/mattermost

TimeoutStartSec=3600

Restart=always

RestartSec=10

WorkingDirectory=/opt/mattermost

User=mattermost

Group=mattermost

LimitNOFILE=49152

[Install]

WantedBy=multi-user.target

Press ESC + :wq to save.

Load the new unit into systemd:

$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Confirm service running status:

$ systemctl status mattermost.service

Output:

Enable mattermost service:

$ sudo systemctl enable mattermost.service

Step 7 – Install Nginx

$ sudo apt -y install nginx

You need to type your domain in the Mattermost configuration file:

$ sudo nano /opt/mattermost/config/config.json

Save it.

Open the text editor to config able to access your domain:

$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/mattermost.conf

Add the lines below:

upstream backend {

server localhost:8065;

keepalive 32;

}

proxy_cache_path /var/cache/nginx levels=1:2 keys_zone=mattermost_cache:10m max_size=3g inactive=120m use_temp_path=off;

server {

listen 80;

server_name your domain;

location ~ /api/v[0-9]+/(users/)?websocket$ {

proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;

proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";

client_max_body_size 50M;

proxy_set_header Host $http_host;

proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;

proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;

proxy_set_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;

proxy_buffers 256 16k;

proxy_buffer_size 16k;

client_body_timeout 60;

send_timeout 300;

lingering_timeout 5;

proxy_connect_timeout 90;

proxy_send_timeout 300;

proxy_read_timeout 90s;

proxy_pass http://backend;

}

location / {

client_max_body_size 50M;

proxy_set_header Connection "";

proxy_set_header Host $http_host;

proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;

proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;

proxy_set_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;

proxy_buffers 256 16k;

proxy_buffer_size 16k;

proxy_read_timeout 600s;

proxy_cache mattermost_cache;

proxy_cache_revalidate on;

proxy_cache_min_uses 2;

proxy_cache_use_stale timeout;

proxy_cache_lock on;

proxy_http_version 1.1;

proxy_pass http://backend;

}

}

Save it.

To make this site configuration work, you must create a softlink for it in the folder /etc/nginx/sites-enabled:

$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/mattermost.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/mattermost.conf

Run this command to check the validity of the configuration:

$ sudo nginx -t

Output:

Restart Nginx:

$ sudo systemctl restart nginx

Then start mattermost service:

$ sudo systemctl start mattermost

You can try to access your domain.

Conclusion

You’ve already gone through the details of how to deploy Mattermost on Ubuntu 20.04.Thanks for reading.

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